The B-group vitamins are known as B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 and B12. Generally speaking, deficiencies are not related to a single vitamin of this group but to a deficiency in several vitamins, or a deficiency in one leading to deficiencies in other group-B vitamins. Vitamin B1, or Thiamine, is contained in brewer’s yeast, whole grains, fresh and dried legumes, nuts and eggs. A deficiency causes polyneuritis and heart failure. Vitamin B2, or Riboflavin, is found above all in leafy greens, brewer’s yeast, egg whites, milk and dairy products, and meat. A deficiency in this vitamin can cause deficiencies in other vitamins because it is involved in the reactions of their metabolism: therefore polyvitamin deficiency may occur. Vitamin B5, or Pantothenic Acid, is extremely common in nature: it is contained in all foods of plant and animal origin, is involved in the metabolism of proteins and a deficiency in it can cause anaemia, seborrhoeic dermatitis and paraesthesia. Vitamin B12 is found only in foods of animal origin. If a diet is complete, vitamin B12 deficiency is not very common, however it may occur in individuals who follow a strictly vegetarian diet. In this case, this important vitamin must be taken as a supplement otherwise anaemia could occur due to the altered development of red blood cells, and nervous system disorders. A vitamin B12 deficiency may also occur in those who suffer from chronic atrophic gastritis, due to alteration in the production of the intrinsic factor.
– Vitamin C counters the oxidative capabilities of free radicals, which can be harmful to cells and accelerate their ageing and degeneration, causing even serious diseases. Its antioxidant properties can also stabilise other vitamins, like vitamins A, B1, E, and Folic Acid. Vitamin C is required in our bodies to synthesise collagen and consequently connective tissues: it is therefore important for maintaining skin, blood vessel and tendon elasticity. It is involved in a number of important reactions that occur in the body, it strengthens our immune systems and aids iron absorption.
– Folic Acid is extremely important for forming DNA, red blood cells and myelin. A deficiency in it is quite common and is caused by an incorrect diet, infectious diseases, pharmacological treatments, poor absorption and, most significantly, during pregnancy, even with a balanced diet. In adults a deficiency in this vitamin can lead to a kind of anaemia, causing fatigue, asthenia and alterations to the mouth and tongue.
– Biotin contributes to the formation of fatty acids and helps metabolise amino acids and carbohydrates. The human body needs it for cell functioning, for growth and for development. Unfortunately, however, the body cannot synthesise it on its own. Therefore, in order to ensure amounts sufficient to satisfy daily requirements it is important to consume it by either choosing the right foods or, if necessary, by taking supplements.
– Vitamin E is an antioxidant, has immunostimulating properties and strengthens capillaries. It prevents ageing by helping to protect cells from damage provoked by free radicals, compounds formed when the body converts the food we eat into energy or when we are exposed to environmental factors like cigarette smoke, atmospheric pollution and the ultraviolet rays of the sun.
– Vitamin A possesses antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and is particularly useful in protecting eyes from stress. By countering free radicals and helping connective tissues regenerate, this vitamin acts as a true cell regenerator and contributes to keeping skin, hair and bones healthy. In particular, when applied to dermatological problems, vitamin A can help counter acne, psoriasis and eczema. It also has positive repercussions on the immune system, which it helps reinforce, thus improving the body’s defence against infections.
– Vitamin D improves general health. One of the main functions of vitamin D is the protection and strengthening of the bones and immune system. Vitamin D helps with the absorption of calcium, which is essential for the bones and the body’s supporting structures, and it helps maintain the correct level of phosphorous in the blood. It has been demonstrated that individuals suffering from high blood pressure and autoimmune diseases can benefit from the consumption of vitamin D. Vitamin D is also naturally produced by the body and to avoid deficiency exposure to the sun for an adequate amount of time every day is sufficient. However, considering the fact that modern life does not always allow us to do this, an oral supplement can prove useful, especially for people with darker skins who need three to six times (according to skin colour) longer sun exposure than individuals with lighter skin.
– Calcium is the most abundant mineral found in the human body. Calcium is fundamental for the growth and health of bones and teeth, as it ensures density and elasticity. It helps to prevent tooth decay, osteoporosis and decalcification. It is required for correct muscle development and prevents cramps and contractures. It stimulates cellular metabolism, the assimilation of nutritional substances and energy production. It is recommended during pregnancy and breastfeeding. It is essential for balancing the nervous system, lowering cholesterol, regulating heart rhythm, and for the coagulation and pH of blood. Calcium and vitamin A are an excellent combination for maintaining healthy skin and preventing eczema.
– Zinc is a metal which is essential to the body as it is an integral component of over two hundred enzymes and of many other proteins. Specifically, it is essential for the functioning of enzymes which regulate cellular respiration and those that have an antioxidant effect, and of certain proteins which allow DNA to be unwound. Zinc counters the negative effects of free radicals and the cell ageing processes connected to them, it stimulates the immune system, helps wounds and ulcers heal, and hinders the formation of acne.
– Iron encourages the production of haemoglobin and red blood cells, which are essential for properly oxygenating cells in the body. It stimulates functioning of the liver, spleen, intestine and bone marrow. Furthermore, iron is essential for neurotransmitters like serotonin and dopamine and is fundamental for an efficiently maintained immune system.
Take one tablet in the morning after breakfast with plenty of water. For better absorption and to increase the product’s effectiveness, we recommend taking the tablets with hydrogen-rich water obtained using the FRAME® D5 device.