Dark spots on the skin are not all the same. They can vary in shape, size, color and type. While they do not create health problems or side effects, as we grow older, dark spots age us significantly. Even the most common types of spots have different causes. Among the most typical causes are:
- Exposure to the sun or to solar lamps: the sun’s rays cause an overproduction of melanin that is then concentrated in certain parts of the body;
- General aging: as we age, it is fundamental to properly nourish our skin from the inside, otherwise it suffers significantly from lack of nutrients and hydration;
- Hormonal changes and metabolic disorders: among the most damaging for skin appearance are hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. These hormones cause marks to appear; however, in most cases, these spots tend to disappear postpartum when hormones stabilize again;
- Pharmaceutical drugs: even some medications contribute to the formation of spots. Among the principle ones are antibiotics, barbiturates and phenothiazines. Additionally, even the use of oral contraceptives can cause the appearance of spots. In this case, these spots tend to disappear once the use of the contraceptive has been suspended and the hormonal balance is restored;
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: this type of discoloration occurs when a wound or skin injury heals and leaves a flat and discolored area. This is a common problem for those suffering from acne, and can also be caused by cosmetic treatments such as dermabrasion, laser and chemical peeling.
- Improper diet: a diet that is poor in fruits and vegetables and heavy in animal fats, processed foods, and refined grains and sugars leads to oxidative stress, which damages all components of cells, including proteins, lipids, and DNA. An unhealthy diet also leads to hormonal disorders, which are responsible for the appearance of spots. It is fundamental to eat as many fruits and vegetables as possible, as they provide essential nutrients, fibers and antioxidants. They also guarantee proper hydration levels, which helps slow down aging. In general, foods that are rich in vitamin E help to take care of the skin naturally, so it is important to incorporate into your diet plenty of dried fruit, seeds, cereals, and vegetable oils, especially olive, almond and hazelnut oil.
- Changes in temperature: even significant spikes or drops in temperature can contribute to premature aging that causes the appearance of spots.
Although spots are not a disease, it is advisable to pay attention to them, especially if they change shape, color or size, or if they become painful to the touch. In these cases, it is important to contact a medical specialist who can rule out the presence of diseases. Within FRAME’s range of skin care, there is no one product that is devoted purely to the task of lightening the skin. The reason for this is that skin issues (just like all issues affecting the body) are the result of a combination of exogenous and endogenous factors that affect the entire individual as a whole. Thus, caring for the skin must be part of an integrative approach of caring for the entire body. Just as you care for your overall wellbeing through a series of quotidian actions and behaviors, spots on the skin must be prevented and treated daily, in a constant but non-aggressive manner. The treatment of brown discoloration must be modulated according to the type of marks, e.g. whether they are localized or spread out, and it is good to remember that such treatments do not produce instant results: effects are usually visible after the completion of the normal skin renewal process (after about 4 weeks). Furthermore, any treatment must be combined with adequate skin protection against UV rays. It is possible to resort to dermo-aesthetic treatments such as laser, peeling, or intense pulsed light; however, such treatments must always be recommended by a specialist and they cannot always completely resolve the problem. The most realistic goal is to reduce the appearance of the most evident spots and move towards a more uniform and luminous complexion through non-abrasive yet targeted care. To achieve this goal, our advice is to use the complete FRAME® collection suitable for your age (Prevention, Restoring or Maintenance), which integrates various targeted actions:
- Stimulate cellular turnover to renew the most superficial layers of the skin: to achieve this, our cleansers P1 and R1 have an exfoliating action that promotes delicate removal of impurities and that works in synergy with nourishing vegetable oils / butters. This exfoliating action, accompanied by day and / or night treatments (FRAME® P2, M2 and R4) that contain ingredients such as Aloe, Blueberry, Pomegranate and Rosehip, significantly improves skin uniformity and luminosity.
- ERffectively protect against UV rays: all FRAME® day creams (P2, R3, and M2) contain UVA and UVB filters.
- Fight the oxidative and inflammatory state both externally and internally: the use of supplements rich in vitamins and/or natural substances with antioxidants (such as curcuma) and/or anti-radical action (peptides, amino acids, etc.) significantly improves dyschromia.
The FRAME® product that we recommend to use daily to prevent and improve skin discoloration is the P4 – BOTANICAL SEBUM REGULATOR GEL. This is not only a sebum-regulator – it is a complete treatment with multiple actions that work together to counter all types of skin imperfections. In terms of improving skin discoloration, it contains functional principles such as Vitamin PP (nicotinamide), which is effective in treating inflammatory skin diseases (acne, hyperpigmentation, rosaceae, dermatitis) caused by the formation of antibodies. It is also an antioxidant: Vitamin PP is a critical component of coenzymes that transport oxygen. Additionally, it helps counter the production of sebum, which is one of the pathogenetic factors of acne. It also increases the synthesis of keratin, stimulates the synthesis of ceramides, accelerates the differentiation of keratinocytes (which improves dermo-epidermal function), increases hydration and has an inhibitory effect on photocarcinogenesis. This anti-inflammatory action is based on complex, multifactorial mechanisms, such as inhibition of histamine release, constraint of leukocyte chemotaxis, and the suppression of lymphocyte transformation. The P4 – BOTANICAL SEBUM REGULATOR GEL also has a rehydrating action thanks to vegetable substances aloe and carob. It is our firm belief that no cosmetic treatment can be effective if dietary habits are not ideal. Drinking plenty of water is essential for the proper functioning of our entire body, and is particularly important for improving skin discoloration. Eating foods rich in vitamins B12, C and E and taking supplements with vitamins, minerals, and other antioxidant substances is highly recommended. Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables – particularly pomegranates, plums, spinach, citrus, pomegranate, and millet – causes a marked improvement in skin imperfections.