The colour of your skin has a massive impact on how you age, so follow the skincare advice specifically for your ethnicity to ensure you keep that youthful glow. The colour of your skin has a massive impact on how you age, so follow the skincare advice specifically for your ethnicity to ensure you keep that youthful glow.
WHITE SKIN: The fairer your skin, the more you need to protect it externally. Because you naturally have lower levels of melanin, sun rays can penetrate deep into your skin causing photo-aging and breaking down collagen and elastin, which keep skin plump and youthful. Your biggest anti-ageing weapon, therefore, is a broad spectrum SPF, so apply SPF 30 with both UVA and UVB protection every day – even if it’s cloudy – to all exposed skin, but particularly your face and neck. Use a gentle cleanser to keep skin soft and keep natural oils intact, then apply your SPF before your make-up. Fair skin has less collagen bundles too, so you’ll get fine lines earlier than darker skins. Fight back by using a cream that contains retinoids at night to increase skin-cell turnover and thicken crepey skin to make it smoother. Also look out for antioxidants like vitamins C and E and soy to nourish and repair. Sun damage is a trigger for uneven skin tone so swap harsh scrubs for natural enzyme-based exfoliants and brightening creams. Peptides are a great collagen-booster too – so if retinol creams are too harsh, use these instead.
OLIVE SKIN: Your warm skin tone will mean you show signs of aging like fine lines and wrinkles a little later than fairer skinned women. You have less melanin than dark skin, but more than fair skin, so there is still risk of sun damage, so SPF is important. You tan well, but you’re susceptible to melasma – brown patches of skin on the cheeks, chin, upper lip and forehead. Fade these patches using creams that contain hydroquinone, kojic acid or azelaic acid and protect against further damage with antioxidants like vitamin C and/or niacinamide which will help to even skin tone and strengthen the skin’s outermost layer to lock in moisture. Combat further withthat all-important sunscreen, which contains titanium dioxide or zinc oxide. Use a foaming cleanser to remove excess oil, then use a vitamin- C-rich day serum that fights and protects against hyperpigmentation. Treat under-eye hollowness and firm sagging skin with a peptide cream at night.
SOUTH ASIAN, INDIAN AND MIDDLE EASTERN SKIN: The pigment in your skin will mean lines caused by sun damage don’t show up until you’re in your forties, but you are at risk of developing uneven skin tone and dark patches thanks to sun exposure, hormones and irritation. Dark eye circles are another concern, again thanks to excess pigment. They’re often made worse by loss of volume under the eyes as you age. Changing hormones levelsalso cause your body to retain more water, which pools near the inner corners under your eyes. Use an eye cream that contains caffeine, cucumber extract and Vitaminvitamin E, and plump up skin with creams that contain vitamin K. Indian skin is also prone to irritation, so picking or waxing can cause dark spots that are difficult to erase. Cleanse with a facial cloth because it’s less drying than rinsing with water and more gentle on your sensitive skin. Follow with a kojic-acid serum to gently fade dark patches. Your moisturiser should be rich and nourishing, but should contain salicylic acid to prevent pores from getting clogged.
EAST AND SOUTHEAST ASIAN SKIN: Your skin naturally produces more melanin than fairer skin, protecting you against fine lines. However, it can also increase your chance of patchy, blotchy, uneven skin and melasma. Bleaching agents like hydroquinone or kojic acid will help fade these. Your skin is often sensitive so use a soap-free cleanser, followed by an antioxidant-rich serum, which is less like to cause irritation. Always choose a gentle exfoliant as scrubbing at your skin with harsh, grainy products can make it produce even more melanin – doing more harm than good. Moisturise with a rich cream that contains green tea to brighten. Although you have collagen-rich skin, your bone structure can mean your face appears to start sagging earlier. Tighten and firm with salicylic acid, and stimulate collagen with vitamin A to add volume.
BLACK SKIN: All that melanin in your skin means you’re not going to see wrinkles until your forties or even fifties. But your skin density can cause sagging and volume loss. Creams that contain peptides are your best defence because they help you body produce collagen. You can also suffer uneven skin tone, but you can’t scrub away pigmentation, so use a gentle cleanser along with an electric brush, followed by a glycolic toner to stimulate collagen and fade dark patches while controlling oil production. In the morning choose a moisturiser packed with vitamin C to brighten and even out patchy skin. At night, add volume, hydrate and prevent sagging with a cream that contains retinol, antioxidants, peptides and ceramides. Microdermabrasion is a great semi-regular treatment too; it gently buffs away dead skin cells to reveal even, soft skin with reduced pores.